IPP> NOT - Issue 1 - Add Subscription object? [ISSUE: reject/ ignore an already associated subscription?]

IPP> NOT - Issue 1 - Add Subscription object? [ISSUE: reject/ ignore an already associated subscription?]

IPP> NOT - Issue 1 - Add Subscription object? [ISSUE: reject/ ignore an already associated subscription?]

Hastings, Tom N hastings at cp10.es.xerox.com
Thu Aug 5 14:24:25 EDT 1999


I agree with your caveat.  See below for what I've added to the IPP
Notification Model document to help explain.

Tom

-----Original Message-----
From: harryl at us.ibm.com [mailto:harryl at us.ibm.com]
Sent: Wednesday, August 04, 1999 15:38
To: Hastings, Tom N
Cc: Michael Sweet; Hugo Parra; ipp at pwg.org
Subject: RE: IPP> NOT - Issue 1 - Add Subscription object? [ISSUE:
reject/ ignore an already associated subscription?]




Tom... at out age... anything to sooth the brain ;-)

>BTW, I like your shortened terminology of "per-printer" ...
>rather that a "Subscription object associated with a
>Printer object"

I agree with your conclusions...

>A Subscription object cannot be contained in or associated with more than
>one Printer object
>A Subscription object cannot be associated with more than one Job object
>A Subscription object cannot be associated with both a Printer object and a
>Job object
>A Subscription object MUST be associated ONLY with jobs that are contained
>in its Printer object

with one caveat...

>A Subscription object cannot be associated with both a Printer object and a
>Job object

But... a "per-job" subscription can still get notifications related to
device
(printer) status. Example... the
status of my job is that the printer is currently jammed.

TH> Definitely agreed.  At yesterday's telecon it was suggested that I
clarify your point.  So I've added the following to the Object relationships
section in the IPP Notification Model document:

4. A "per-Printer" Subscription object identifies one or more Job and/or
Printer events.  Such Job events are for any job on the Printer.  Such
Printer events are for any Printer event, no matter which job.

5. A "per-Job" Subscription object identifies one or more Job and/or Printer
events.  Such Job events are only for this job (different than "per-Printer"
Subscriptions).  Such Printer events are for any Printer event, no matter
which job (same as for "per-Printer" Subscriptions.

And under the picture, I've added:

s1, s2, and s3 are per-Printer Subscription objects and can identify Printer
and/or Job events.

s4 is an unassociated Subscription object and can identify Printer and/or
Job events.

s5, s6, and s7 are per-Job Subscriptions objects and can identify Printer
and/or Job events.

Harry Lewis
IBM Printing Systems
harryl at us.ibm.com


"Hastings, Tom N" <hastings at cp10.es.xerox.com> on 08/04/99 10:41:06 AM

To:   Harry Lewis/Boulder/IBM at IBMUS
cc:   Michael Sweet <mike at easysw.com>, Hugo Parra <HPARRA at novell.com>,
      ipp at pwg.org
Subject:  RE: IPP> NOT - Issue 1 - Add Subscription object? [ISSUE: reject/
      ignore an already associated subscription?]





Harry wrote:

The only scenario where the user sends another job associated with an
already
assigned subscription should be with a "perPRINTER" subscription.

TH> In other words, the following scenario would happen:

1. Some user creates a Subscription object and associates it with the
Printer object using Create-Subscription with the "associated-printer" set
to 'true'
and gets back subscription-id 105.

2. Later in a job creation operation, such as Print-Job, the (same or
different) user passes in the "subscription-id" = '105'.

That is how the same Subscription object could be associated with both a
Printer object and a Job object.

BTW, I like your shortened terminology of "per-printer" Subscription objects
and "per-job" Subscription objects, rather that a "Subscription object
associated with a Printer object" and a "Subscription object associated with
a Job object".
I think using this terminology will help understanding.




             The Problem with Sharing a Subscription object

The problems with allowing a single Subscription object to be both a
perPrinter (subscription associated with the printer in the
Create-Subscription operation)
and a perJob (Subscription associated with a job in either the
Create-Subscription operation or the job creation operation) are:

1. There is one subscription ID and one object for the single Subscription
object, so a Cancel-Subscription '105' would get rid of both.

2. The job events in the subscription object, such as 'job-completed' mean
different things for the perPrinter vs. the perJob.  For the perPrinter,
they mean any job and for the perJob, they mean only this job.

3. There would be access control problems as well.  What if I had created
the perPrinter subscription object and you tried to associate it with your
job.  Should you be allowed to?


Remember that both perPrinter and perJob subscriptions can have printer
and/or job events in them.  So I don't see any need for sharing the
subscription object between the Printer object and one Job object.  And you
seem to agree that we don't want to allow sharing of a single Subscription
object between several job objects.  Subscription objects are so small,
there is no real gain in sharing them.  Sharing always complicated things,
by adding use counts and raising nasty access control issues.

So, ok that a Subscription object either is associated with its Printer
object or with ONE Job object or neither, because it is (and possibly others
Subscription objects are) waiting to be associated with a (near) future Job
object.  Ok?

The object relationships can best be summarized in this picture that I put
into the Notification Model document I sent Monday:

The object association relationships can be seen pictorially as (object
containment not shown):

Subscription objects                                  Printer object
+----+                                                +------------+
| s1 |<---------------------------------------------->|            |
+----++                                               |            |
 | s2 |<--------------------------------------------->|     p1     |
 +----++                                              |            |
  | s3 |<-------------------------------------------->|            |
  +----++                                             +------------+
   | s4 |            Job objects
   +----++            +------+
    | s5 |<---------->|      |
    +----++           |  j1  |
     | s6 |<--------->|      |
     +----++          +------++
      | s7 |<--------->|      |
      +----+           |  j2  |
                       |      |
                       +------++
                        |      |
                        |  j3  |
                        |      |
                        +------+

In words:

6.1 Object Relationships

When the Subscription object is supported, it is created and associated with
one Printer object, one previously created Job object, or neither (so that a
subsequent job creation operation can perform the association of the Job
object with the Subscription object and possibly other previously created
Subscription objects).

The object relationships can be stated as follows:

The Printer object contains zero or more Subscription objects
A Subscription object is contained in one Printer object

A Subscription object is exactly one of:

  associated with one Printer object (s1-s3)
  associated with one previously created Job object (s5 and s6 are
associated
      with job j1, s7 is associated with job j2)
  not associated with either a Printer object or a Job object (s4)

A Printer object is associated with zero or more Subscription objects (p1 is
associated with s1-s3)

A Job object is associated with zero or more previously created Subscription
objects:
      j1 is associated with s5 and s6;
     j2 is associated with s7
     j3 is not associated with any s objects

A Subscription object cannot be contained in or associated with more than
one Printer object
A Subscription object cannot be associated with more than one Job object
A Subscription object cannot be associated with both a Printer object and a
Job object
A Subscription object MUST be associated ONLY with jobs that are contained
in its Printer object

Tom



-----Original Message-----
From: harryl at us.ibm.com [mailto:harryl at us.ibm.com]
Sent: Wednesday, August 04, 1999 07:41
To: Hastings, Tom N
Cc: Michael Sweet; Hugo Parra; ipp at pwg.org
Subject: RE: IPP> NOT - Issue 1 - Add Subscription object? [ISSUE:
reject/ ignore an already associated subscription?]




Regarding this comment

>As for the case where the user sends another job that is associated
>with an already assigned subscription, I don't think we've discussed
>this possibility yet.  My personal feeling is that reusing the
>subscription ID should probably not be allowed, but we could also
>treat it as a special renew operation that also changes the
>subscription.

I see it differently. There are two types of subscription... "perJOB" or
"perPRINTER".
"PerPrinter" should be able to accommodate "myJobs" or "allJobs" (with
filters
for specific criteria in either case).
Typically, a "perJOB" subscription would be expected as part of that Job
submission
Typically, a "perPRINTER" subscription would be expected via an "out of
band"
method but could occur in job submission

The only scenario where the user sends another job associated with an
already
assigned subscription should be with
a "perPRINTER" subscription.

Harry Lewis
IBM Printing Systems
harryl at us.ibm.com


"Hastings, Tom N" <hastings at cp10.es.xerox.com> on 08/04/99 01:20:14 AM

To:   Michael Sweet <mike at easysw.com>, Hugo Parra <HPARRA at novell.com>
cc:   ipp at pwg.org
Subject:  RE: IPP> NOT - Issue 1 - Add Subscription object? [ISSUE: reject/
      ignore an already associated subscription?]





Hugo,

Michael did a good job answering your questions.  Sound ok?

He had one issue:

Each subscription will be associated with a single printer or job
object.  There has been discussion of "subscription sets" that would
allow a subscription to be associated with more than one object
and/or set of conditions, but my feeling is that most people don't
want to add this complexity, especially since the client is free to
create additional subscriptions that do the same thing.

As for the case where the user sends another job that is associated
with an already assigned subscription, I don't think we've discussed
this possibility yet.  My personal feeling is that reusing the
subscription ID should probably not be allowed, but we could also
treat it as a special renew operation that also changes the
subscription.


TH> I agree with his feeling that a subscription can only be associated with
one Printer object or one Job object.  That is what I put in the
Notifications Model document that I send out Monday.  Subscription objects
are so big that there is any real savings to being able to have one shared
between multiple jobs or between a Printer and a Job.

So if a Job Creation operation specifies a Subscription object that is
already associated with another Job or the Printer, the Job Creation
operation doesn't allow it.

ISSUE:  Return an error which prevents the Job Creation, or accept the Job
Creation anyway, but since the Job Creation returns the subscription ids
that have been assigned, this erroneous one won't be in the list.

Ok?

Tom

-----Original Message-----
From: Michael Sweet [mailto:mike at easysw.com]
Sent: Friday, July 30, 1999 05:29
To: Hugo Parra
Cc: hastings at cp10.es.xerox.com; ipp at pwg.org
Subject: Re: IPP> NOT - Issue 1 - Add Subscription object?


Hugo Parra wrote:
> ...
> <HParra> I think (a) works well.  (b) has the problem that it's
> done after the job has been created and runs the risk of missing

That's why a user can request notifications when the create-job,
print-job, or print-uri operation is done.

> relevant events.  (c) presents the following challenges: there's
> no way to tell the printer what job to associate the subscription
> with since no job-id has been generated.  How does the printer

Sigh...  The create-job, print-job, and print-uri operations will
have added operation attributes to address this, either by specifying
a subscription ID or the notification attributes to create a new
subscription automatically.

> differentiate this subscription from an (a) subscription so that
> it doesn't start generating events until a job-to-subscription
> association is made?  Also, what happens if the same suscription
> id is used with more than one subsequent job creations.  How do

Each subscription will be associated with a single printer or job
object.  There has been discussion of "subscription sets" that would
allow a subscription to be associated with more than one object
and/or set of conditions, but my feeling is that most people don't
want to add this complexity, especially since the client is free to
create additional subscriptions that do the same thing.

As for the case where the user sends another job that is associated
with an already assigned subscription, I don't think we've discussed
this possibility yet.  My personal feeling is that reusing the
subscription ID should probably not be allowed, but we could also
treat it as a special renew operation that also changes the
subscription.

> we clean up subscriptions that are never associated with a job?

First, subscriptions have a "lease" time, which means that after a
certain amount of time the subscriptions are automatically expired
(cancelled.)  Once a subscription is tied to a job, however, the
subscription will remain alive until the job is cancelled or
completed.

> What happens if a subscription is removed before the job

When the subscription is cancelled the user no longer gets
notifications.

> completes? Does the subscription go away automatically when the

As noted above, subscriptions that are tied to a job are cancelled
when the job is completed or cancelled.

> job is removed?  I think it should.  Keeping subscriptions and
> job objects in sync can be pretty involved.
> ...

We've already done some preliminary design work to work notifications
and subscriptions into CUPS 1.1, and the code to manage such things
is not all that complicated.

> <HParra> There has to be a way for end-users to request
> notification of events that are related or directly affect their
> jobs and nothing else.

Then they just subscribe when they send the job, so the subscription
applies to the job.  Or they can do a create-subscription operation
and supply the subscription-id attribute with the job creation
operation.

--
______________________________________________________________________
Michael Sweet, Easy Software Products                  mike at easysw.com
Printing Software for UNIX                       http://www.easysw.com
    "Your logic is impeccable, Captain.  We are in grave danger."







More information about the Ipp mailing list