IPP Mail Archive: RE: IPP> global media ... [put units field

IPP Mail Archive: RE: IPP> global media ... [put units field

RE: IPP> global media ... [put units field last]

From: Harry Lewis (harryl@us.ibm.com)
Date: Fri May 04 2001 - 01:12:02 EDT

  • Next message: Bergman, Ron: "RE: IPP> global media ... [put units field last]"

    Would seem trivial to map "classes" to "units". Seems cleaner to me than
    assigning a special meaning to one prefix (na-).

    Units called out separately (from "class") are redundant, but I suspect
    are desired for the case of fall back to display of the "media size self
    describing name" - (which we unanimously agreed in Portland was not
    intended for human display).
    Harry Lewis
    IBM Printing Systems

    "Bergman, Ron" <Ron.Bergman@Hitachi-hkis.com>
    Sent by: owner-ipp@pwg.org
    05/03/2001 06:01 PM

            To: "'don@lexmark.com'" <don@lexmark.com>, "Hastings, Tom N"
            cc: "ipp (E-mail)" <ipp@pwg.org>, "'RonBergman@aol.com'" <RonBergman@aol.com>
            Subject: RE: IPP> global media ... [put units field last]



    The one advantage I can see to the suffix, an application does not have to
    be aware of all the possible "class" names. In my original proposal we
    had to worry about inches and mm, so using "na" as a prefix to indicate
    inches seemed to be a good solution. The application did not have to
    understand the meaning of "iso", "jis", etc; only "na". To have the
    to add new units of measure with the Portland proposal means that the
    application now must understand the meaning of "iso", "jis", etc. If a
    class is defined that implies different units, such as light years, the
    application will be aware that is not another class that uses mm. With
    method agreed to yesterday the application only needs to understand "in"
    "mm". If it wasn't for the desire to accommodate new units at some future,
    would not be in favor of the latest change.

    Mark VanderWiele, who was one of the instigators that resulted in the
    Portland decision (although Mark was not present in Portland) favored this
    choice over all the rest.

    Also, the prefix is still present, which provides the class information,
    I am adding the "om-" prefix to those names that did not previously
    the prefix.


    -----Original Message-----
    From: don@lexmark.com [mailto:don@lexmark.com]
    Sent: Thursday, May 03, 2001 11:13 AM
    To: Hastings, Tom N
    Cc: ipp (E-mail)
    Subject: RE: IPP> global media ... [put units field last]

    To Tom's "so called " advantages of having the units be explicit:

    1) There is NO work difference between changing your code to know that the
    suffix "ly" means light-years versus it knowing the prefix "NASA" means

    2) Every prefix we defined has implicit units so even if a piece of
    never seen a new paper size, as long as the prefix is one of the defined
    the units are know. If the units suffix is new (see "ly" example above)
    is no guarantee that the average user would have a clue what know what the
    abbreviation meant. Since we have the case covered for all the English
    Metric units, something else would have to be pretty obscure and would not
    well known. If the user was in a specialized area that used a very unique
    size, he/she could probably just as easily determine that NASA measures
    media in
    light-years. He/she would certainly have no early idea what a twip was.

    3) There is NO advantage one way or the other for this case. Unparsed,
    unfiltered names have no guaranteed meaning in either case so place your

    So, if I understand the process correctly, since I couldn't be on the call
    yesterday it is my duty to stir the pot and point other 12 sigma and other
    cases that make my solution better??

    * Don Wright don@lexmark.com *
    * Chair, Printer Working Group *
    * Chair, IEEE MSC *
    * *
    * Director, Alliances & Standards *
    * Lexmark International *
    * 740 New Circle Rd *
    * Lexington, Ky 40550 *
    * 859-825-4808 (phone) 603-963-8352 (fax) *

    "Hastings, Tom N" <hastings%cp10.es.xerox.com@interlock.lexmark.com> on
    05/02/2001 12:10:16 PM

    To: "Don_Wright/Lex/Lexmark.LEXMARK"@sweeper.lex.lexmark.com, "McDonald,
    cc: "ipp (E-mail)" <ipp%pwg.org@interlock.lexmark.com> (bcc: Don
    Subject: RE: IPP> global media ... [put units field last]

    In answer to Don's good question: why do we keep re-hashing how the media
    size units are represented:

    The advantage of having the units explicitly represented in the Media Size
    Self Describing Names are:

    1. Allows for the possibility of other units being introduced sometime in
    the future (though I hope not) without impacting deployed implementations,
    which was brought up for the first time (to my knowledge) at the Portland
    meeting last week.

    2. These Media Size Self Describing Names can be used with currently
    deployed IPP/1.1 clients and Printers; they are just more keywords and a
    localization data base deals with them nicely, by just adding additional
    keywords and their translations. However, if such an IPP client receives
    keyword that it doesn't recognize (i.e., isn't in its localization data
    base), its only choice is to display the keyword as it is to the user. So
    the advantage of having the units in a human readable form, helps such a
    case. The user doesn't have to know that a name starting with "na_" or
    "oe_" means the numbers are in 100th of inches; otherwise, 1000th of mm.
    (Using decimal fractions, makes such a fallback even more understandable
    the human user, since the units are in inches or mm directly).

    3. Very simple (or English only) systems (some UPnP client UCPs?) can just
    take these Media Size Self Describing Names as is and display them to the
    user for selection. With XHTML-Print, such UPnP client software doesn't
    have to even know what the dimensions are; it just passes the Media Size
    Name token selected by the user through to the Printer.

    As to why do we keep re-hashing this: we have a smaller number of
    participants, some of them are different from meeting to meeting, and, as
    agreed in Portland, people didn't feel very strongly between methods b and
    (the only two we considered at Portland). Finally, I don't believe that
    have ever made a list of alternatives and made a choice.


    -----Original Message-----
    From: don@lexmark.com [mailto:don@lexmark.com]
    Sent: Tuesday, May 01, 2001 22:07
    To: McDonald, Ira
    Cc: 'Hastings, Tom N'; Bergman, Ron; 'Wagner,William'; 'Harry Lewis';
    Don Wright (E-mail); IPP Group; Norbert Schade; Mark VanderWiele;
    Subject: RE: IPP> global media ... [put units field last]

    We don't need redundancy. Units are know based upon the class. Why oh
    we continue to rehash this.

    * Don Wright don@lexmark.com *
    * Chair, Printer Working Group *
    * Chair, IEEE MSC *
    * *
    * Director, Alliances and Standards *
    * Lexmark International *
    * 740 New Circle Rd C14/082-3 *
    * Lexington, Ky 40550 *
    * 859-825-4808 (phone) 603-963-8352 (fax) *

    "McDonald, Ira" <imcdonald%sharplabs.com@interlock.lexmark.com> on
    07:27:03 PM

    To: "'Hastings, Tom N'"
          "Bergman, Ron" <Ron.Bergman%Hitachi-hkis.com@interlock.lexmark.com>,
          "'Wagner,William'" <wwagner%netsilicon.com@interlock.lexmark.com>,
          Lewis'" <harryl%us.ibm.com@interlock.lexmark.com>, "Don Wright
    cc: IPP Group <ipp%pwg.org@interlock.lexmark.com>, Norbert Schade
          <norbertschade%oaktech.com@interlock.lexmark.com>, Mark VanderWiele
          <markv%us.ibm.com@interlock.lexmark.com>, "'RonBergman@aol.com'"
          <RonBergman%aol.com@interlock.lexmark.com> (bcc: Don
    Subject: RE: IPP> global media ... [put units field last]


    YES - put the optional units field _last_. This is a good idea!

    - Ira McDonald

    -----Original Message-----
    From: Hastings, Tom N [mailto:hastings@cp10.es.xerox.com]
    Sent: Tuesday, May 01, 2001 1:49 PM
    To: Bergman, Ron; 'Wagner,William'; 'Harry Lewis'; Don Wright (E-mail)
    Cc: IPP Group; Norbert Schade; Mark VanderWiele; 'RonBergman@aol.com'
    Subject: RE: IPP> global media; comment on yesterday's proposal [put
    units field last]


    A slight variation on your proposal to make the units an explicit field in
    order to make the names completely self describing, would be to move it
    being the first field to being last field. Then it could be displayed by
    very simply by (dumb) clients that didn't localize the names and/or
    recognize a new name without any processing (or by simply replacing any
    underscores with a space):

    Examples: na-letter_8.5-11_in

    Bill sees the explicit units as redundant, which they certainly are and we
    don't want people to think that the following names are synonyms,



    On the other hand, this approach of explicitly passing the units in a
    separate field does allow us to add other units in the future without
    risking any confusion with existing implementations that only know about
    in and mm field values.


    -----Original Message-----
    From: Bergman, Ron [mailto:Ron.Bergman@Hitachi-hkis.com]
    Sent: Monday, April 30, 2001 17:25
    To: 'Wagner,William'; Bergman, Ron; 'Harry Lewis'; Hastings, Tom N; Don
    Wright (E-mail)
    Cc: IPP Group; Norbert Schade; Mark VanderWiele; 'RonBergman@aol.com'
    Subject: RE: IPP> global media; comment on yesterday's proposal


    Thank you for the explanation. I am sure this was extensively
    discussed at the meeting and I wish I could have attended.

    I have no problem with the concept of "class". It certainly is cleaner
    than my original proposal of "na indicates the dimensions are in inches
    and all others are metric." And I also agree that the concept of class
    allows possible future expansion.

    As long as we are adding the "class" part it should be very well
    defined as to the meaning of the classes. Since we really only have
    2 classes currently defined, I would suggest that they be called:

         'inch' or 'in' for the class that specifies inch dimensions.
          'millimeters' or 'mm' for the class that specifies mm dimensions.

    Examples: in_na-letter_8.5-11

    Although this results in a longer total name, I feel it is cleaner
    and does not require a parser in a simple printer to decode a large
    number of names for metric sizes. And I don't see how this breaks
    the ability to add additional sizes in the future. In fact, this
    allows a device to quickly recognize that it does not understand the
    class if another class is defined. And it may prevent problems, since
    under the Portland agreement the device may look for 'na' as inches
    and anything else as millimeters.


    -----Original Message-----
    From: Wagner,William [mailto:wwagner@netsilicon.com]
    Sent: Monday, April 30, 2001 4:15 PM
    To: 'Bergman, Ron'; 'Harry Lewis'; Hastings, Tom N; Don Wright (E-mail)
    Cc: IPP Group; Norbert Schade; Mark VanderWiele; 'RonBergman@aol.com'
    Subject: RE: IPP> global media; comment on yesterday's proposal


    I think the point is that the "Class" is already required in most of the
    instances as part of the common name (NA, iso, jis, etc.) The units are
    implicit in the class, but are not the only reason for the class. This is
    what was done before. The only change was to make this relation more
    consistent and expandable by representing class as a separate field and by
    defining classes for those few sizes that did not already have one
    associated. The reason that there are many classes identified are that
    there are many classes in common use. And yes, one of the objections made
    the original proposal was that it did not allow for other units; allowing
    that is a by-product of the proposed approach; it is not the primary

    Bill Wagner

    -----Original Message-----
    From: Bergman, Ron [mailto:Ron.Bergman@Hitachi-hkis.com]
    Sent: Monday, April 30, 2001 4:45 PM
    To: 'Harry Lewis'; Hastings, Tom N; Don Wright (E-mail)
    Cc: IPP Group; Norbert Schade; Mark VanderWiele; 'RonBergman@aol.com'
    Subject: RE: IPP> global media; comment on yesterday's proposal


    I thought that Norbert's proposal was cleaner than the complicated
    "class" proposal made in Portland. I have been trying to understand
    the purpose of "class", other than to define the size. Unless, there
    is another purpose, why do we need so many ways to indicate mm?
    The need for iso, jis, jpn, prc, asme, and etc etc seems to make a
    simple task vary complex.

    I still prefer the definition of all sizes in their native dimensions,
    rather than a conversion to a common base. But unless we can simplify
    the "class" to just inches and mm, I would favor Norbert's method.

    I like all the other suggestions from Portland, but this one does not
    appear correct.


    -----Original Message-----
    From: Harry Lewis [mailto:harryl@us.ibm.com]
    Sent: Sunday, April 29, 2001 9:24 PM
    To: Hastings, Tom N
    Cc: IPP Group; Norbert Schade; Mark VanderWiele
    Subject: RE: IPP> global media; comment on yesterday's proposal

    This "shows to go ya" that we still don't (collectively) agree on the
    purpose of the "self describing name". Seems the folks who write drivers
    feel more natural operating in one set of units. (Norbets comments are
    similar to those I received from our driver folks).


    in Portland (at least) we spent quite some time hammering out the intent
    of this beast... which I would describe as...

    STANDARD media size "names" with distinct elements ("class", "size name"
    and "dimensions") in a (machine and developer-human) parsable syntax.

    The "class" is supposed to indicate the units (typically inches or mm...
    but hypothetically angstrom's or whatever if appropriate... which is

    It would seem counter intuitive for "na_letter" to be represented in mm as
    it is well known in the industry as "English".

    Conversions are the realm of the application. If a driver wants to
    (convert the English) and store everything in mm... that's OK... but the
    STANDARD name should not change.
    Harry Lewis
    IBM Printing Systems

    "Hastings, Tom N" <hastings@cp10.es.xerox.com>
    Sent by: owner-ipp@pwg.org
    04/27/2001 05:22 PM

            To: Norbert Schade <norbertschade@oaktech.com>
            cc: IPP Group <ipp@pwg.org>
            Subject: RE: IPP> global media; comment on yesterday's


    So your proposal is to always use one set of units, namely 1000ths of a mm
    (i.e., a micrometer); never use inches for any media sizes. It certainly
    is simple.

    1000th of a mm is precise enough so that the English sizes can be
    represented in 1000ths of a mm without round off error (which would create
    differences in names, if some rounded and others truncated).

    We used the same strategy of using only a single unit system in the IPP
    Production Printing Attributes - Set1 extension, instead of having both
    metric and English. The only minor difference was that we used 100th of a
    mm, instead of 1000th of a mm for use in the "media-size" member attribute
    of the "media-col" attribute. We felt that was precise enough. See
    section 3.13.8 in:
    ftp://ftp.pwg.org/pub/pwg/standards/pwg5100.3.pdf, .doc, .rtf

    The 1000th of a mm is one of the two units used in the Printer MIB (the
    other being 10000th of an inch).

    We did agree at the meeting that the client shouldn't simply display the
    Media Size name to the user if it doesn't have it in its localization data
    base (thought there will always be simple minded clients that will). The
    client should do some parsing and possible converting of units to the one
    that the user prefers. So there is no real advantage to the client to
    have the units be in inches for English sizes and metric for metric sizes
    (except for the really simple clients that never convert units).

    What do others think of just always using micrometers for the size
    dimensions for our Media Size Self Describing Names?

    -----Original Message-----
    From: Norbert Schade [mailto:norbertschade@oaktech.com]
    Sent: Thursday, April 26, 2001 13:50
    To: IPP Group
    Subject: IPP> global media; comment on yesterday's proposal

    I have my problems with the new proposal.
    I am going to rephrase my previous statements commenting that proposal.

    Splitting the media size name into three components (unit, name,
    dimensions) is a very new idea.
    My main problem with this proposal is the first component.
    In Ron's current version of the spec we have two units: inch/1000 and
    mm/10. We have implemented that version to learn about problems.
    With the new proposal there is the danger to have an even bigger number of
    Supporting more than one unit is a serious problem for any driver. Ask any
    driver developer. It's not about what unit I want to show in the UI. It's
    about necessary conversions when dealing with applications. Please study
    Mark's feedback from 4/20. I repeat it in easy words (I hope).

    Scenario excerpt
    1. Workstation 1 with driver 1
    Driver 1 is supporting a media size 'Letter.2159-2794' (the developer of
    the driver has chosen the metric way). You could do the sample with any
    other size.
    2. User 1 sitting at workstation 1 writes one page of text with
    application xyz and saves the document.
    this means that the size information 'Letter.2159-2794' is saved in the
    document file as well in many, many applications.
    3. User 1 sends his document to user 2.
    4. User 2 sitting at workstation 2 with driver 2 (different from driver 1)
    opens the document. This second the driver 2 is already involved.
    5. Imagine driver 2 is not supporting 'Letter.2159-2794', but
    'na-Letter.8500-1100' instead, which in fact is the same size with a
    different name.
    Now it's the question what is driver 2 doing.
    It could start some investigation to match or emulate the required size.
    -> bad performance.
    The same situation will happen again when printing. It will happen very
    often, repeatedly.

    So we already have a problem with two units. If we now open a gate to be
    able to define even more units, it will be aweful code and a terrible
    performance. Every driver developer should be able to prove that.
    However everything would be fine, if there'd be one and one only unit.
    Make it small enough that any rounding for a UI string or whatever is
    needed, can be done properly. Our proposal within UPDF was mm/1000, which
    is certainly small enough (and used in the industry anyhow).

    I treated strings like 'jis' or 'iso' just as parts of the name to make it
    more apparent. 'na' was the only exception so far.

    If all names are unique (I think they are in Ron's current concept), I
    don't have a problem splitting the name and the dimensions into two
    components. In that case we may even work with the name only and handle
    the dimensions with an include file.
    I thought the idea of combining the name and the dimensions is ok, as we
    need it for custom size anyhow.
    BTW: I am happy to have proper keywords, but my drivers certainly will
    never, never, never show them in the UI. Be also sure that in UPDF we are
    providing the chance to assign a proper human readable UI string to it.

    So from a driver's point of view the easiest case is to work with 1 unit
    (mm/1000), remove the prefix 'na-' and convert all the dimensions.
    This ensures a good performance, consistent routines and readability.
    Whatever the internal unit of a driver is, it most probably has all
    converting routines available to work with 1 unit, but not all necessary
    functions to match between different units.

    I would be very surprised if Mark does not feel very, very similarly,
    although I have been told differently today. Unfortunately I couldn't get
    hold of him on his trip today.

    I call this proposal '1unit mm/1000, unchanged naming', where unchanged
    naming means no separate components, but converted dimensions into that 1
    unit. I do not insist on unchanged naming, but I haven't seen the big
    advantage of it so far.

    Norbert Schade
    Principle Software Engineer
    Host Software Group
    Oak Technology, Inc.
    10 Presidential Way
    Woburn, MA 01801
    Phone: 1-781-638-7614
    Fax: 1-781-638-7555
    email: norbertschade@oaktech.com

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