IPP> MOD/PRO - What are MIME types for IPP document-format

IPP> MOD/PRO - What are MIME types for IPP document-format

IPP> MOD/PRO - What are MIME types for IPP document-format

Tom Hastings hastings at cp10.es.xerox.com
Mon Jun 16 20:02:06 EDT 1997

I went to IANA to see what MIME types are registered, since IPP Model
and Protocol are considering using the "MIME types", instead of
the Printer MIB assigned enums for the values of the document-format

I'd like to discuss this tommorrow at the IPP Protocol meeting.

What I found was the following under "Media Types":

The "media-types" directory contains a subdirectory for each content
type and each of those directories contains a file for each content


   URL = ftp://ftp.isi.edu/in-notes/iana/assignments/media-types

The three registered media types that seem of interest to IPP 
that have some corresondence to the Printer MIB enum registry (also
kept by IANA as printer-languages) are:


Even though pdf doesn't have an IANA printer-language enum assignment
(no Printer MIB PrtInterpreterLangFamilyTC).

So I went to each of the sub-directories for the 3 above to find out
about them:

application/postscript had the following:

See RFC 1341.

application/vnd.hp-PCL had the following:

To: "'IANA at isi.edu'" <IANA at isi.edu>
Subject: Registration of new MIME content-type/subtype
Date: Fri, 28 Feb 1997 16:09:03 -0700

      MIME type name: application

      MIME subtype name: vnd.hp-PCL

      Required parameters: none

      Optional parameters: none

      Encoding considerations: PCL files may contain long lines or binary data 
        such as images and should be encoded using Content-Transfer-Encoding: 

      Security considerations: Delivery of this format to a printer 
        which is not capable of parsing the format may result in poor 
        printer behavior.

      Published specification:
        PCL-PJL Technical Reference Manual Documentation Package
        HP Part No. 5012-0330

      Company Contact:
        Customer Service Center
        Hewlett-Packard Co.

application/pdf had the following:

To: postel at ISI.EDU
Cc: szilles at mv.us.adobe.com
Subject: Registration of MIME type: application/pdf
Date: Tue, 06 Sep 1994 15:56:11 PDT
From: "Steve Zilles" <szilles at mv.us.adobe.com>

To:  IANA at isi.edu
Subject:  Registration of new MIME content-type/subtype

      MIME type name: application

      (If the above is not an existing top-level MIME type,
      please explain why an existing type cannot be used.)

      MIME subtype name: pdf

        A Content-Type of "application/pdf" indicates a document in
        Portable Document Format.  Currently  there are two variants of
        the PDF language: the original level 1 variant is described
        in [PDF] and the more recent level 1.1 variant is described
        in an Adobe Systems Application Note that is an addendum to [PDF].

      Required parameters: none

      Optional parameters: none

      Encoding considerations: PDF files may contain binary data (either
        in strings or in streams (which are used to represent images
        among other things).

      Security considerations:
        There are two levels of viewer for PDF files: The first level of
        viewer is completely self contained and is capable of displaying
        or printing the PDF file and maybe capable of changing the file
        and writing out a revised file. (Here "file" stands for the MIME
        content portion that is in PDF form.) The second level of viewer
        is capable of supporting plug-in modules that extend the
        functionality of the viewer and may be able to perform any
        operation that is legal in the process/thread in which the
        viewer is running.  Message-sending software should not make use
        of arbitrary plug-ins; they are likely to be missing from
        some implementations. Message-receiving and -displaying software
        should make sure that any nonstandard viewer plug-ins are
        secure and don't present any kind of threat.

      Published specification:

        [PDF](Version 1.0): Portable Document Format Reference Manual,
        Adobe Systems, Inc, Addison-Wesley Publishing Co. ISBN
        0-201-62628-4, 1993.

        Version 1.1: An Adobe Systems, Inc Technical Note

      (The published specification must be an Internet RFC or
      RFC-to-be if a new top-level type is being defined, and
      must be a publicly available specification in any

      Person & email address to contact for further information:

        Tim Bienz 
        Adobe System Inc.
        1585 Charleston Rd.
        Mountain View, CA 94039-7900
        tbienz at adobe.com
        Stephen Zilles
        Adobe System Inc.
        1585 Charleston Rd.
        Mountain View, CA 94039-7900
        szilles at adobe.com


Here is the file media-types which is all of the media types:


[RFC1521] specifies that Content Types, Content Subtypes, Character
Sets, Access Types, and Conversion values for MIME mail will be
assigned and listed by the IANA.

Content Types and Subtypes

Type            Subtype         Description                 Reference
----            -------         -----------                 ---------
text            plain                            [RFC1521,Borenstein]
                richtext                         [RFC1521,Borenstein]
                enriched                                    [RFC1896]
                tab-separated-values                   [Paul Lindner]
                html                                        [RFC1866]
                sgml                                        [RFC1874]
                vnd.latex-z                                   [Lubos]
                vnd.fmi.flexstor                             [Hurtta]

multipart       mixed                            [RFC1521,Borenstein]
                alternative                      [RFC1521,Borenstein]
                digest                           [RFC1521,Borenstein]
                parallel                         [RFC1521,Borenstein]
                appledouble                [MacMime,Patrik Faltstrom]
                header-set                             [Dave Crocker]
                form-data                                   [RFC1867]
                related                                     [RFC2112]
                report                                      [RFC1892]
                voice-message                               [RFC1911]
                signed                                      [RFC1847]
                encrypted                                   [RFC1847]
                byteranges                                  [RFC2068]

message         rfc822                           [RFC1521,Borenstein]
                partial                          [RFC1521,Borenstein]
                external-body                    [RFC1521,Borenstein]
                news                        [RFC 1036, Henry Spencer]
                http                                        [RFC2068]

application     octet-stream                     [RFC1521,Borenstein]
                postscript                       [RFC1521,Borenstein]
                oda                              [RFC1521,Borenstein]
                atomicmail                    [atomicmail,Borenstein]
                andrew-inset                [andrew-inset,Borenstein]
                slate                           [slate,terry crowley]
                wita              [Wang Info Transfer,Larry Campbell]
                dec-dx            [Digital Doc Trans, Larry Campbell]
                dca-rft        [IBM Doc Content Arch, Larry Campbell]
                activemessage                          [Ehud Shapiro]
                rtf                                    [Paul Lindner]
                applefile                  [MacMime,Patrik Faltstrom]
                mac-binhex40               [MacMime,Patrik Faltstrom]
                news-message-id              [RFC1036, Henry Spencer]
                news-transmission            [RFC1036, Henry Spencer]
                wordperfect5.1                         [Paul Lindner]
                pdf                                    [Paul Lindner]
                zip                                    [Paul Lindner]
                macwriteii                             [Paul Lindner]
                msword                                 [Paul Lindner]
                remote-printing                        [RFC1486,Rose]
                mathematica                             [Van Nostern]
                cybercash                                  [Eastlake]
                commonground                                 [Glazer]
                iges                                          [Parks]
                riscos                                        [Smith]
                eshop                                          [Katz]
                x400-bp                                     [RFC1494]
                sgml                                        [RFC1874]
                cals-1840                                   [RFC1895]
                pgp-encrypted                               [RFC2015]
                pgp-signature                               [RFC2015]
                pgp-keys                                    [RFC2015]
                vnd.framemaker                               [Wexler]
                vnd.mif                                      [Wexler]
                vnd.ms-excel                                   [Gill]
                vnd.ms-powerpoint                              [Gill]
                vnd.ms-project                                 [Gill]
                vnd.ms-works                                   [Gill]
                vnd.ms-tnef                                    [Gill]
                vnd.svd                                      [Becker]
                vnd.music-niff                               [Butler]
                vnd.ms-artgalry                             [Slawson]
                vnd.truedoc                                   [Chase]
                vnd.koan                                       [Cole]
                vnd.street-stream                            [Levitt]
                vnd.fdf                                      [Zilles]
                set-payment-initiation                       [Korver]
                set-payment                                  [Korver]
                set-registration-initiation                  [Korver]
                set-registration                             [Korver]
                vnd.seemail                                    [Webb]
                vnd.businessobjects                         [Imoucha]
                vnd.meridian-slingshot                        [Wedel]
                vnd.xara                                 [Matthewman]
                sgml-open-catalog                            [Grosso]
                vnd.rapid                                   [Szekely]
                vnd.enliven                              [Santinelli]
                vnd.japannet-registration-wakeup              [Fujii]
                vnd.japannet-verification-wakeup              [Fujii]
                vnd.japannet-payment-wakeup                   [Fujii]
                vnd.japannet-directory-service                [Fujii]
                vnd.intertrust.digibox                    [Tomasello]
                vnd.intertrust.nncp                       [Tomasello]
                prs.alvestrand.titrax-sheet              [Alvestrand]
                vnd.noblenet-web                            [Solomon]
                vnd.noblenet-sealer                         [Solomon]
                vnd.noblenet-directory                      [Solomon]
                prs.nprend                                  [Doggett]
                vnd.webturbo                                  [Rehem]
                hyperstudio                                  [Domino]
                vnd.shana.informed.formtemplate             [Selzler]
                vnd.shana.informed.formdata                 [Selzler] 
                vnd.shana.informed.package                  [Selzler]
                vnd.shana.informed.interchange              [Selzler]
                vnd.$commerce_battelle                    [Applebaum]
                vnd.osa.netdeploy                              [Klos]
                vnd.ibm.MiniPay                            [Herzberg]
                vnd.japannet-jpnstore-wakeup              [Yoshitake]
                vnd.japannet-setstore-wakeup              [Yoshitake]
                vnd.japannet-verification                 [Yoshitake]
                vnd.japannet-registration                 [Yoshitake]
                vnd.hp-HPGL                               [Pentecost]
                vnd.hp-PCL                                [Pentecost]
                vnd.hp-PCLXL                              [Pentecost]
                vnd.musician                                  [Adams]
                vnd.FloGraphIt                             [Floersch]
                vnd.intercon.formnet                          [Gurak]
                vemmi                                       [RFC2122]
                vnd.ms-asf                               [Fleischman]
                vnd.ecdis-update                       [Buettgenbach]
                vnd.powerbuilder6                               [Guy]
                vnd.powerbuilder6-s                             [Guy]
                vnd.lotus-wordpro                      [Wattenberger]
                vnd.lotus-approach                     [Wattenberger]
                vnd.lotus-1-2-3                        [Wattenberger]
                vnd.lotus-organizer                    [Wattenberger]
                vnd.lotus-screencam                    [Wattenberger]
                vnd.lotus-freelance                    [Wattenberger]
                vnd.fujitsu.oasys                           [Togashi]
                vnd.fujitsu.oasys2                          [Togashi]
                vnd.swiftview-ics                           [Widener]

image           jpeg                             [RFC1521,Borenstein]
                gif                              [RFC1521,Borenstein]
                ief             Image Exchange Format       [RFC1314]
                g3fax                                       [RFC1494]
                tiff            Tag Image File Format          [Rose]
                cgm             Computer Graphics Metafile  [Francis]
                naplps                                       [Ferber]
                vnd.dwg                                      [Moline]
                vnd.svf                                      [Moline]
                vnd.dxf                                      [Moline]
                png                                 [Randers-Pehrson]
                vnd.fpx                                     [Spencer]
                vnd.net-fpx                                 [Spencer]

audio           basic                            [RFC1521,Borenstein]
                32kadpcm                                    [RFC1911]
                vnd.qcelp                                 [Lundblade]

video           mpeg                             [RFC1521,Borenstein]
                quicktime                              [Paul Lindner]
                vnd.vivo                                      [Wolfe]
                vnd.motorola.video                          [McGinty]
                vnd.motorola.videop                         [McGinty]

model                                                       [RFC2077]
                iges                                          [Parks]
                vrml                                        [RFC2077]
                mesh                                        [RFC2077]

The "media-types" directory contains a subdirectory for each content
type and each of those directories contains a file for each content


   URL = ftp://ftp.isi.edu/in-notes/iana/assignments/media-types

Character Sets

All of the character sets listed the section on Character Sets are
registered for use with MIME as MIME Character Sets.  The
correspondance between the few character sets listed in the MIME
specification [RFC1521] and the list in that section are:

Type           Description                                  Reference
----           -----------                                  ---------
US-ASCII       see ANSI_X3.4-1968 below          [RFC1521,Borenstein]
ISO-8859-1     see ISO_8859-1:1987 below         [RFC1521,Borenstein]
ISO-8859-2     see ISO_8859-2:1987 below         [RFC1521,Borenstein]
ISO-8859-3     see ISO_8859-3:1988 below         [RFC1521,Borenstein]
ISO-8859-4     see ISO_8859-4:1988 below         [RFC1521,Borenstein]
ISO-8859-5     see ISO_8859-5:1988 below         [RFC1521,Borenstein]
ISO-8859-6     see ISO_8859-6:1987 below         [RFC1521,Borenstein]
ISO-8859-7     see ISO_8859-7:1987 below         [RFC1521,Borenstein]
ISO-8859-8     see ISO_8859-8:1988 below         [RFC1521,Borenstein]
ISO-8859-9     see ISO_8859-9:1989 below         [RFC1521,Borenstein]

Access Types

Type           Description                                  Reference
----           -----------                                  ---------
FTP                                              [RFC1521,Borenstein]
ANON-FTP                                         [RFC1521,Borenstein]
TFTP                                             [RFC1521,Borenstein]
AFS                                              [RFC1521,Borenstein]
LOCAL-FILE                                       [RFC1521,Borenstein]
MAIL-SERVER                                      [RFC1521,Borenstein]
content-id                                                  [RFC1873]

Conversion Values

Conversion values or Content Transfer Encodings.

Type           Description                                  Reference
----           -----------                                  ---------
7BIT                                             [RFC1521,Borenstein]
8BIT                                             [RFC1521,Borenstein]
BASE64                                           [RFC1521,Borenstein]
BINARY                                           [RFC1521,Borenstein]
QUOTED-PRINTABLE                                 [RFC1521,Borenstein]


MIME to X.400 Table

    MIME content-type          X.400 Body Part             Reference
    -----------------          ------------------          ---------
      charset=us-ascii         ia5-text                     [RFC1494]
      charset=iso-8859-x       EBP - GeneralText            [RFC1494]
    text/richtext              no mapping defined           [RFC1494]
    application/oda            EBP - ODA                    [RFC1494]
    application/octet-stream   bilaterally-defined          [RFC1494]
    application/postscript     EBP - mime-postscript-body   [RFC1494]
    image/g3fax                g3-facsimile                 [RFC1494]
    image/jpeg                 EBP - mime-jpeg-body         [RFC1494]
    image/gif                  EBP - mime-gif-body          [RFC1494]
    audio/basic                no mapping defined           [RFC1494]
    video/mpeg                 no mapping defined           [RFC1494]

    Abbreviation: EBP - Extended Body Part

X.400 to MIME Table

                             Basic Body Parts

    X.400 Basic Body Part      MIME content-type           Reference
    ---------------------      --------------------        ---------
    ia5-text                   text/plain;charset=us-ascii [RFC1494]
    voice                      No Mapping Defined          [RFC1494]
    g3-facsimile               image/g3fax                 [RFC1494]
    g4-class1                  no mapping defined          [RFC1494]
    teletex                    no mapping defined          [RFC1494]
    videotex                   no mapping defined          [RFC1494]
    encrypted                  no mapping defined          [RFC1494]
    bilaterally-defined        application/octet-stream    [RFC1494]
    nationally-defined         no mapping defined          [RFC1494]
    externally-defined         See Extended Body Parts     [RFC1494]

    X.400 Extended Body Part  MIME content-type            Reference
    ------------------------- --------------------         ---------
    GeneralText               text/plain;charset=iso-8859-x[RFC1494] 
    ODA                       application/oda              [RFC1494]
    mime-postscript-body      application/postscript       [RFC1494]
    mime-jpeg-body            image/jpeg                   [RFC1494]
    mime-gif-body             image/gif                    [RFC1494]


[MacMime] Work in Progress.

[RFC1036] Horton, M., and R. Adams, "Standard for Interchange of
          USENET Messages", RFC 1036, AT&T Bell Laboratories,
          Center for Seismic Studies, December 1987.

[RFC1494] Alvestrand, H., and S. Thompson, "Equivalences between 1988
          X.400 and RFC-822 Message Bodies", RFC 1494, SINTEF DELAB,
          Soft*Switch, Inc., August 1993.

[RFC1521] Borenstien, N., and N. Freed, "MIME (Multipurpose Internet
          Mail Extensions) Part One: Mechanisms for Specifying and
          Describing the Format of Internet Message Bodies", RFC 1521,
          Bellcore, Innosoft, September 1993.

[RFC1563] Borenstien, N., "The text/enriched MIME content-type". RFC
          1563, Bellcore, January 1994.

[RFC1866] Berners-Lee, T., and D. Connolly, "Hypertext Markup Language
          - 2.0", RFC 1866, MIT/W3C, November 1995.

[RFC1867] Nebel, E., L. Masinter, "Form-based File Upload in HTML",
          RFC 1867, Xerox Corporation, November 1995.

[RFC1873] Levinson, E., "Message/External-Body Content-ID Access
          Type", RFC 1873, Accurate Information Systems, Inc. December

[RFC1874] Levinson, E., "SGML Media Types", RFC 1874, Accurate
          Information Systems, Inc. December 1995.

[RFC1895] Levinson, E., "The Application/CALS-1840 Content Type", RFC
          1895, Accurate Information Systems, February 1996.

[RFC1896] Resnick, P., and A. Walker, "The Text/Enriched MIME Content
          Type", RFC 1896, Qualcomm, Intercon, February 1996.

[RFC1911] Vaudreuil, G., "Voice Profile for Internet Mail", RFC 1911,
          Octel Network Services, February 1996.

[RFC1945] Berners-Lee, Y., R. Feilding, and H.Frystyk, "Hypertext
          Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.0", RFC 1945. MIT/LCS, UC
          Irvine, MIT/LCS, May 1996.

[RFC2077] Nelson, S., C. Parks, and Mitra, "The Model Primary Content
          Type for Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions", RFC 2077,
          LLNL, NIST, WorldMaker, January 1997.

[RFC2112] Levinson, E., "The MIME Multipart/Related Content-type", RFC
          2112, XIson Inc, February 1997.

[RFC2122] Mavrakis, D., Layec, H., and K. Kartmann, "VEMMI URL
          Specification", RFC 2122, Monaco Telematique MC-TEL,
          ETSI, Telecommunication+Multimedia, March 1997. 


[Adams] Greg Adams <gadams at waynesworld.ucsd.edu>, March 1997.

[Alvestrand] Harald T. Alvestrand <Harald.T.Alvestrand at uninett.no>,
                                  January 1997.

[Applebaum] David Applebaum <applebau at battelle.org>, February 1997.

[Becker] Scott Becker, <dataware at compumedia.com>, April 1996.

[Berners-Lee] Tim Berners-Lee, <timbl at w3.org>, May 1996.

[Borenstein] Nathaniel Borenstein, <NSB at bellcore.com>, April 1994.

[Buettgenbach] Gert Buettgenbach, <bue at sevencs.com>, May 1997.

[Butler] Tim Butler, <tim at its.bldrdoc.gov>, April 1996.

[Larry Campbell]

[Chase] Brad Chase, <brad_chase at bitstream.com>, May 1996.

[Cole] Pete Cole, <pcole at sseyod.demon.co.uk>, June 1996.

[Dave Crocker]  Dave Crocker <dcrocker at mordor.stanford.edu>

[Terry Crowley]

[Doggett] Jay Doggett, <jdoggett at tiac.net>, February 1997.

[Domino] Michael Domino, <michael- at ultranet.com>, February 1997.

[Eastlake] Donald E. Eastlake 3rd, dee at cybercash.com, April 1995.

[Faltstrom] Patrik Faltstrom <paf at nada.kth.se>

[Fleischman] Eric Fleischman <ericfl at MICROSOFT.com>, April 1997.

[Floersch] Dick Floersch <floersch at echo.sound.net>, March 1997.

[Francis] Alan Francis, A.H.Francis at open.ac.uk, December 1995.

[Fujii] Kiyofusa Fujii <kfujii at japannet.or.jp>, February 1997.

[Gill] Sukvinder S. Gill, <sukvg at microsoft.com>, April 1996.

[Glazer] David Glazer, <dglazer at best.com>, April 1995.

[Gurak] Tom Gurak, <assoc at intercon.roc.servtech.com>, March 1997.

[Guy] David Guy, <dguy at powersoft.com>, June 1997.

[Herzberg] Amir Herzberg, <amirh at haifa.vnet.ibm.com>, February 1997.

[Hurtta] Kari E. Hurtta <flexstor at ozone.FMI.FI>

[Imoucha] Philippe Imoucha <pimoucha at businessobjects.com>, October 1996.

[Katz] Steve Katz, <skatz at eshop.com>, June 1995.

[Klos] Steven Klos, <stevek at osa.com>, February 1997.

[Korver] Brian Korver <briank at terisa.com>, October 1996.

[Levitt] Glenn Levitt <streetd1 at ix.netcom.com>, October 1996.

[Lubos] Mikusiak Lubos <lmikusia at blava-s.bratisla.ingr.com>, October 1996.

[Lundblade] Laurence Lundblade <lgl at qualcomm.com>, October 1996.

[Matthewman] David Matthewman <david at xara.com>, October 1996.

[McGinty] Tom McGinty <tmcginty at dma.isg.mot.com>

[Moline] Jodi Moline, <jodim at softsource.com>, Aprol 1996.

[Paul Lindner]

[Parks] Curtis Parks, <parks at eeel.nist.gov>, April 1995.

[Pentecost] Bob Pentecost, <bpenteco at boi.hp.com>, March 1997.

[Randers-Pehrson] Glenn Randers-Pehrson <glennrp at ARL.MIL>, October 1996.

[Rehem] Yaser Rehem, <yrehem at sapient.com>, February 1997.

[Rose] Marshall Rose, <mrose at dbc.mtview.ca.us>, April 1995.

[Santinelli] Paul Santinelli, Jr. <psantinelli at narrative.com>, October 1996.

[Shapiro] Ehud Shapiro

[Slawson] Dean Slawson, <deansl at microsoft.com>, May 1996.

[Smith] Nick Smith, <nas at ant.co.uk>, June 1995.

[Solomon] Monty Solomon, <monty at noblenet.com>, February 1997.

[Spencer] Marc Douglas Spencer <marcs at itc.kodak.com>, October 1996.

[Henry Spencer]

[Szekely] Etay Szekely <etay at emultek.co.il>, October 1996.

[Togashi] Nobukazu Togashi <togashi at ai.cs.fujitsu.co.jp>, June 1997.

[Tomasello] Luke Tomasello <luket at intertrust.com>

[Wattenberger] Paul Wattenberger <Paul_Wattenberger at lotus.com>, June 1997.

[Webb] Steve Webb <steve at wynde.com>, October 1996.

[Wedel] Eric Wedel <ewedel at meridian-data.com>, October 1996.

[Wexler] Mike Wexler, <mwexler at frame.com>, April 1996.

[Widener] Glenn Widener <glennw at ndg.com>, June 1997.

[Wolfe] John Wolfe, <John_Wolfe.VIVO at vivo.com>, April 1996.

[Van Nostern] Gene C. Van Nostern <gene at wri.com>, February 1995.

[Yoshitake] Jun Yoshitake, <yositake at iss.isl.melco.co.jp>, February 1997.

[Zilles] Steve Zilles <szilles at adobe.com>, October 1996.


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